The ROSSMARKT is a public square in the centre of Frankfurt, located between Goethestrasse, Kaiserstrasse, Katharinenpforte, Hauptwache and Zeil In the Middle Ages, the site was an area of rough, marshy ground outside the city wall called “Neumarkt”. Up until the 17th century, it remained unclaimed, used only for a horsemarket and for executions. During the 17th century, the area was gradually developed, trees were planted, “New Houses” and inns erected, and Steinweg built, connecting Bockenheim and the Old Town.

It was not until the 18th century that a significant number of classical buildings were built on the Rossmarkt. The site had several functions: the people of Frankfurt held various assemblies and festivals there, while for those living close by it evoked a kind of a stage. In 1844, the centre of the ROSSMARKT was renamed Goetheplatz following the erection there of a statue of Goethe by L. Schwantaler. From 1780, the city’s theatre was based in the northern part of the site (today’s RATHAUENPLATZ) and was named Theaterplatz. The southern part remains dominated until today by the statue of Gutenberg.

During the 19th century and the period of rapid industrial expansion in Germany, however, the classical-style of buildings gave way to the Wilhelminian style. Destruction during the Second World War, the ensuing reconstruction and rapidly-changing traffic regulations contributed to the transformation of the square’s appearance and function. The area has undergone a further facelift in recent times: a rose garden has been substituted by trees following the construction of an underground car park, and the GUTENBERGPLATZ has received new borders and paving in the process. Goethe’s statue, meanwhile, has been put back in its original spot on the GOETHEPLATZ, albeit facing in the opposite direction.


29. April 2013, 7 p.m., Roßmarkt:

“Im schönen Monat Mai....”
ROSSMARKT³ concert for the citizens with soprano Esther Bürger and baritone Björn Bürger, accompanied on the piano by Ekaterine Kinsurashvili, in honour of gelitin’s tree and the spring awakening.